Outline: Causes of WWI
Formation of Alliances
  • The Triple Entente (Britain, France, and Russia)
  • The Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy)
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II; aggressive German military policy

Imperialism and competition
  • Scramble for Africa (1881-1914)
  • France and Germany - Moroccan Crisis (1911)
  • Jingoism - The idea of war being strong in the minds of the European middle class and working class.

Arms Race
  • British Dreadnoughts and German U-boats
  • Standardized the military system and deployment strategies
  • Nations thought out scenarios of different wars.

Social unrest
  • Strikes, labor unions, pro-socialist sentiments

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo (1914)
  • Serbian nationalist (The Balkans)


I see / it means image: The Balkans


  • How does the introduction relate to the causes of WWI?
  • What does Wilson suggest was the reason for American entry into the war?
  • How would you summarize the main objectives of the 14 Points?
  • How might the colonies of Britain and France react to the 14 points?